Point of Contact: Professor Dan Boger, email@example.com, 831.656.3671
CC4913 Policies and Problems in C2 is a capstone course for NPS Command and Control students. Study of the fundamental role C2 systems fulfill in operational military situations, including the full range of military operations. Topics include analysis of the changing role of organizational structures and processes, as well as technologies and impacts on C2 systems requirements and designs. Considerations include the complexities imposed on C2 systems as the force structure becomes more heterogeneous. Case study of selected incidents and systems provide a focus on current problems.
This year’s class was divided into RF and non-RF groups and asked to explore C2 issues in a scenario where we were trying to prevent conflict by “holding at risk” aggressors in a complex political and geographic situation described above. In last year’s scenario, high power jamming only originated from the mainland. Developments in the past few months caused a change in that assumption: all SATCOM uplinks are at risk within 300 miles of fixed bases and large surface ships. This was how our simple communications wargame transpired: Aggressive action by nation X; Send in UAV to support ROL (Predator-Global Hawk); Lose UAV SATCOM link; Send in missile boats; Missile Boats tracked via omni-MF and VHF; Send in UAV (Shadow-Scan Eagle); Lose UAV CDL; Patrol boats to visual range – all RF comm jammed; Patrol boats exfil to establish link; Picture gone. This led us to consider a combined RF/non-RF solution.
Network Optional Communications (NOW) is comprised of the following potential methods: lasers, flashing light in various bands, underwater/acoustic, QR codes, and data muling. What we rediscovered was this is not a question of RF vs non-RF. There is a spectrum of options, and we may decide to operate at some level of EMCON to avoid detection. Or the enemy and weather may conspire to reduce the availability of our network. We found situations where there did not appear to be a viable and elegant RF solution but a hybrid combination of techniques could meet user requirements. We refer to this as Mission Agile EMCON and is shown on slide 32 of the accompanying presentation. Slide 34 presents our recommendations.
This work was presented at the Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) Wargame Planning and Innovation Workshop hosted by the NPS Littoral Operations Center (LOC), 23-24 April 2015.
Disclaimer. These sources represent unclassified, open-source work performed in an academic environment for the purpose of educating graduate students. The views in this document are those of the author and do not reflect the official policy or position of the Department of Defense or the U.S. Government.